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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Choose the word that has different pronunciation: compete, intend, medal, defend
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Choose the word that has different primary stress: reflection, division, industry, remember.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
I think everyone wants to make friends with John. He is___________honest person.
He___________only three letters to his parents since he joined the army.
Jimmy’s low examination scores kept him from___________to the university
The company is believed___________a lot of money last year.
When___________as the new manager of the company, Mr. Smith knew he had a lot of things to do.
___________his poor English, he managed to communicate his problem very clearly.
If I___________a wallet in the street, I’d take it to the police.
I assume that you are acquainted___________this subject since you are responsible_______writing the accompanying materials.
The song has___________been selected for the 2018 World Cup, Russia.
Elephants___________the ecosystems they live in, and make it possible for a lot of other species to survive in those environments as well.
After the fire, the government pledged to implement a program of___________all over the devastated national park.
He was given a medal in___________of his service to the country.
I'm going on business for a week, so I'll be leaving everything___________.
Archaeologists think that massive floods could have___________the dinosaurs.
Mark A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
The assumption that smoking has bad effects on our health have been proved.
She had so many luggage that there was not enough room in the car for it. (underlined part that needs correction)
Alike light waves, microwaves may be reflected and concentrated elements. (underlined part that needs correction)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following sentences.
"I didn't break the mobile phone," Lan said.
The bag was heavy, so we could not take it with us.
He was such a wet blanket at the party tonight!
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
He was suspected of stealing credit cards. The police have investigated him for days.
The girl packed the vase in polyester foam. She didn’t want it to get broken in the post.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
David and Cathy are talking about the party next week.
David.: “I’d like to invite you to a party next Sunday.”
Tom and Marry are meeting at the class reunion.
Tom. "Your hairstyle is terrific, Mary" - Mary. “___________"
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
I strongly recommend that you should take out an insurance policy in the house for your own peace of mind.
Every year this charity organization takes on volunteers to support the needy and the poor. (underlined words CLOSET in meaning with)
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is OPPOSITE in meaning to each of the following questions.
I must have a watch since punctuality is imperative in my new job.
Jose had a hard time comparing the iPhone to the Samsung phone because to him they were apples and oranges. (underlined words OPPOSITE in meaning with)
Read the following passage and mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks.
Higher education also provides a competitive edge in the career market. We all know that in the economic times we are living in today, finding jobs is not guaranteed. The number of people unemployed is still relatively high, and the number of new career (33) ___________ isn’t nearly enough to put people in jobs they are seeking. As a job seeker, you’re competing with a high number of experienced workers (34) ___________ have been out of the workforce for a while and are also seeking work. (35) ___________, when you have a higher education, it generally equips you for better job security. Generally speaking, employers tend to value those who have completed college than those who have only completed high school and are more likely to replace that person who hasn’t (36) ___________a higher education. Furthermore, some companies even go so far as to pay your tuition because they consider an educated (37) ___________to be valuable to their organization. A college
education is an investment that doesn’t just provide you with substantial rewards. It benefits the hiring company as well.
Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 38 to 42.
In this era of increased global warming and diminishing fossil fuel supplies, we must begin to put a greater priority on harnessing alternative energy sources. Fortunately, there are a number of readily available, renewable resources that are both cost- effective and earth - friendly. Two such resources are solar power and geothermal power.
Solar energy, which reaches the earth through sunlight, is so abundant that it could meet the needs of worldwide energy consumption 6,000 times over. And solar energy is easily harnessed through the use of photo voltaic cells that convert sunlight to electricity. In the us alone, more than 100, 000 homes are equipped with solar electric systems in the form of solar panels or solar roof tiles. And in other parts of the world, including many developing countries, the use of solar system is growing steadily.
Another alternative energy source, which is abundant in specific geographical areas, is geothermal power, which creates energy by tapping heat from below the surface of the earth. Hot water and steam that are trapped in underground pools are pumped to the surface and used to run a generator, which produces electricity. Geothermal energy is 50,000 times more abundant than the entire known supply of fossil fuel resources and as with solar power, the technology needed to utilize geothermal energy is fairly simple. A prime example of effective geothermal use in Iceland, a region of high geothermal activity where there are over 80 percent of private homes, are heated by geothermal power.
Solar and geothermal energy are just two of promising renewable alternatives to conventional energy sources. The time is long overdue to invest in the development and use of alternative energy on global scale.
What is the main topic of this passage?
which of the following words could best replace the word “abundant”?
The word “it” in the second paragraph refers to_____________ .
According to the passage, how is solar energy production similar to geothermal energy production?
What best describes the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 43 to 50.
According to sociologists, there are several different ways in which a person may become recognized as the leader of a social group in the United States. In the family, traditional cultural patterns confer leadership on one or both of the parents. In other cases, such as friendship groups, one or more persons may gradually emerge as leaders, although there is no formal process of selection. In larger groups, leaders are usually chosen formally through election or recruitment.
Although leaders are often thought to be people with unusual personal ability, decades of research have failed to produce consistent evidence that there is any category of “natural leaders.” It seems that there is no set of personal qualities that all leaders have in common; rather, virtually any person may be recognized as a leader if the person has qualities that meet the needs of that particular group.
Furthermore, although it is commonly supposed that social groups have a single leader, research suggests that there are typically two different leadership roles that are held by different individuals. Instrumental leadership is leadership that emphasizes the completion of tasks by a social group. Group members look to instrumental leaders to “get things” done. Expressive leadership, on the other hand, is leadership that emphasizes the collective well¬being of a social group’s member. Expressive leader are less concerned with the overall goals of the group than with providing emotional support to group members and attempting to minimize tension and conflict among them. Group members expect expressive leaders to maintain stable relationships within the group and provide support to individual members. Instrumental leaders are likely to have a rather secondary relationship to other group members. They give orders and may discipline group members who inhibit attainment of the groups goals. Expressive leaders cultivate a more personal or primary relationship to others in the group. They offer sympathy when someone experiences difficulties or is subjected to discipline, are quick to lighten a serious moment with humor, and try to resolve issues that threaten to divide the group. As the differences in these two roles suggest, expressive leaders generally receive more personal affection from group members; instrumental leaders, if they are successful in promoting group goals, may enjoy a more distant respect.
What does the passage mainly discuss?
The passage mentions all of the following ways by which people can become leaders EXCEPT___________
Which of the following statements about leadership can be inferred from paragraph 2?
The passage indicates that instrumental leaders generally focus on___________
The word “collective” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to___________
It can be understood that___________
The word “resolve” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to___________
Paragraphs 3 and 4 organize the discussion of leadership primarily in terms of___________